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1. Publications

  • Political economy of development and conflict
  • Demography of conflict
  • Development Economics and Development Studies
  • Contributions to the Debate on Foreign Policy and Public Policy in Belgium

2. Ongoing Research collaboration


1. Publications

Political economy of development and conflict

  • With M. Voors, E. Nillesen, E. Bulte, R. Lensink and D. Van Soest, 2011, Does Conflict change Preferences ? Evidence from field experiments in Burundi, American Economic Review, accepted for publication.. An earlier version of the paper is available as HiCN working paper 71. Download
  • With Patricia Justino and Tilman Brück, The Micro-Level Dynamics of Violent Conflict , introduction to the Special Issue, Journal of Peace Research, May 2009, vol 46, no3, pp307-314
  • With Eleonora Nillesen, Rebel Recruitment in a Coffee Exporting Economy, 2009, HiCN Working paper 58. Download
  • Games in Multiple Arenas and Institutional Design on the eve of the Rwandan genocide, Peace Economics, Peace Science and Public Policy, web journal, based at Cornell University, Winter 2004
  • With Bart Capeau and Lode Berlage, Dictatorship in a single export crop economy, November 2003, CES Discussion Paper, Leuven, 34p. Download
  • The political economy of coffee, dictatorship and genocide, European Journal of Political Economy, vol.19 (2003), p.161-181, June 2003
  • met I. Thiry, Daders van Genocide bevraagd. Een bijdrage uit de criminologie met veldonderzoek in Rwanda, Panopticon (January 2008). Download
  • Individueel en Collectief Gedrag tijdens de Rwandese Genocide, Driemaandelijks Tijdschrift van de Auschwitz Stichting, Brussel, januari-maart 2006, p.10-36. Available here. Een eerdere versie werd gepubliceerd als een economische analyse van het gedrag van daders tijdens de Rwandese genocide, Working Paper, Instituut voor International Recht, KU Leuven, September 2003. Download
  • Politiek geweld is een keuze: Een essay over genocide met een toepassing op Rwanda, Transaktie, Tijdschrift voor de Wetenschap van Oorlog en Vrede, 28, nr 3, 1999, p.375-396

Demography of conflict

  • With Damien de Walque, The Demographic and Socio-Economic Distribution of Excess Mortality during the 1994 Genocide in Rwanda, Journal of African Economies, forthcoming. Also available as HiCN Working Paper 54. Download
  • Machetes and Firearms: the Organisation of Massacres in Rwanda, Journal of Peace Research, vol. 43, 1, 5-22, January 2006 (This paper received the Award for Best Paper published in JPR in 2006)
  • With Jan Van Bavel, Fertility and Child Survival among Rwandan Refugees, PRUS Working Paper 26, December 2004 and European Journal of Population, Special Issue of the Demography of violent conflict, 21:271-290, 2005. Download (This paper is also published in Demography of Armed Conflict, edited by H. Hegre, E. Tabeau and H. Urdal, Kluwer Academic Press, 2007)
  • Death and Survival during the 1994 genocide in Rwanda, Population Studies, vol 58, no.2, pp.233-245, 2004. Download
  • Testing the double genocide thesis for central and southern Rwanda, Journal of Conflict Resolution, vol 47, no. 4, August 2003, pp. 423-442. Download

Development Economics and Development Studies


  • The 1990-92 Massacres in Rwanda: a case of social and spatial engeneering ?, 2011, Journal of Agrarian Change, forthcoming
  • With Eleonora Nillesen, A Phoenix in Flames? Portfolio Choice and Violence in Civil War in rural Burundi, 2010, MICROCON Research Working Paper 25, Brighton: MICROCON. Download
  • With Wim Naudé and Tilman Brück (guest editors) 2011, Small Business, Entrepreneurship and Conflict in Developing Countries, Journal of Small Business and Entrepreneurship, vol.24, introduction to a special issue.
  •  With Tilman Brück, Patricia Justino and Alexandra Adveenko, 2010, Identifying Conflict in micro-level surveys, HiCN WP 79. Download
  • With Tom Bundervoet and Richard Akresh, The Impact of Violent Conflict on Child Health: what are the channels?, Microcon Policy Brief n.6, April 2010. Download
  • With Richard Akresh and Tom Bundervoet, Civil War, Crop Failure and Child Stunting in Rwanda, Economic Development and Cultural Change, forthcoming Also available as Policy Research Paper, World Bank. Download
  • With Jean-Francois Maystadt, Winners and Losers among a Refugee-Hosting Population, HiCN Working Paper 60, 2009. Download
  • With Tom Bundervoet, Consumption Growth, Household Splits and Civil War, HiCN Working Paper 48, 2008. Download
  • With Tom Bundervoet and Richard Akresh, Health and Civil War in Rural Burundi, Journal of Human Resources Spring 2009, Vol 44, no 2, pp.536-563. The paper is also available as Research Working Paper 5, MICROCON.
  • With Patricia Justino, Poverty Dynamics, Violent Conflict and Convergence in Rwanda, Working Paper 16, Available as Research Working Paper 4, MICROCON (2008). Download
  • With Tom Bundervoet, Civil War and Economic Sanctions: Anthropometric Outcomes in Burundi, Working Paper 11, Households in Conflict Network, 2005. Download
  • With Cecelle Meijer, The Use and Perception of Weapons before and after Conflict: Evidence from Rwanda, Working Paper, Small Arms Survey Geneva, October 2005
  • An economic profile of peasant perpetrators of genocide, Journal of Development Economics 77 (2005), p.297-323 . Download
  • With Marijke Verpoorten, What are all the soldiers going to do? Demobilisation, re-integration and employment in Rwanda, Conflict, Security and Development, 4:1 April 2004, pp.39-57. Download
  • With Lode Berlage and Marijke Verpoorten, Rural households under extreme stress: survival strategies of poor households in post-genocide Rwanda, Report for the Flemish Interuniversity Council (VLIR), September 2003. Download
  • Agricultural Policy,crop failure and the Ruriganiza famine (1989) in Southern Rwanda: a pre-lude to Genocide? Centre for Economic Studies, Discussion paper June 2002
  • Development Ideology, the Peasantry and Genocide: Rwanda Represented in Habyarimana's Speeches (1973-1994), Journal for Genocide Research, vol 2, no.3, p.325-361, November 2000. More information
  • The Quality of Education at the Institutional and the Individual level: a case study in rural Ethiopia, International Review of Education 1999, vol 45(2), p.167-196
  • Estimating Returns to Off-farm activities in Rural Ethiopia, Ethiopian Journal of Economics, vol V, no.2, October 1996, p.27-54
  • Bauernideologie und Völkermord in Rwanda, Zeitschrift für Genozidforschung, vol 3, 1-2, 2001, p.47-80

Contributions to the Debate on Foreign Policy and Public Policy in Belgium

  • With Els Vanheusden, The Foreign Policy of Belgium during the Zaire/Congo crisis March 1996-March 1997, in War and Peace in Zaire by H. Adelman and G. Rao, York University, 2003
  • With Martine Schotsmans, Belgian Law, the Rwandan Genocide and the Search for an Ethical Foreign Policy, Global Jurist, Vol 1, no.3, Article 2, Berkeley Electronic Press (2001). Download
  • Pleidooi voor een groene markteconomie, Vrije Tribune in De Standaard, 8 januari 2008
  • Toespraak ter gelegenheid van de ontvangst van de Prijs van de Auschwitz Stichting - Jacques Rozenberg, Brussels, 14 December 2004. Download . Also available in French.
  • Vrije Tribune gepubliceerd in De Standaard van 20-21 Juni, 2002

2. Ongoing Research collaboration

Coming soon